On September 29, President Donald J. Trump, a Republican, and former Vice President Joseph R. Biden, his Democratic challenger, debated the issues in Cleveland, Ohio. Fox News anchor Chris Wallace moderated the televised discussion.
Before the debate, I emailed Joe White, a political science professor at Case Western Reserve University, which hosted the event. He explained that the purpose of a presidential debate is to help undecided voters determine which candidate they will support in the election.
“The vast majority of people already know how they will vote,” White told me. “But the debates will be one thing that the small percentage of voters who have not decided consider over the next few weeks.”
This year, Election Day falls on November 3. But many people have already begun to vote by mail or in person. Record numbers of voters are casting ballots by mail because of concerns about COVID-19, the contagious disease caused by the coronavirus.